Jargon Buster

Here are some terms you might come across on our website, in reports or across the Internet and their definitions:
Term Definition
Academy A state-funded school which is independent of Local Authority control and has more freedom over their finances and management. STRS is an academy.
AimHigh The software used at STRS for writing reports and entering grades.
A-Levels National examinations usually sat at the end of Year 13 (age 18).
APP Assessing Pupils Progress - a structured technique for assessing the progress of pupils, particularly in the core subjects of English, Mathematics and Science. It is now a voluntary approach.
ASCL A union for senior teachers.
AS-Levels National examinations usually sat at the end of Year 12 (age 17). Between 2000 and 2015 these were also half of an A-Level but planned reforms will remove this link.
ATL A teaching union.
ClearSky The software used at STRS for reporting ICT and site problems.
Controlled assessment A type of coursework done under controlled conditions.
CPD Continuing professional development. Ongoing training for all teachers, at any stage of their career.
CRB Criminal Records Bureau. Set up in 2002 under the Police Act 1997 to check teachers and others working with children. Now called DBS checks.
CVA Contextual Value Added. A value added measure that also takes into account social factors such as free school meals, gender, special educational needs etc.
DBS Disclosure and Barring Service. Replaced CRB in 2012 for administering safer recruitment of staff.
DfE Department for Education - Government department responsible for schools.
Differentiation Adaptation of teaching methods and curriculum to individual needs of learners.
EAL English as an Additional Language. Refers to learners whose first language is not English.
Ebacc English Baccalaureate. A performance measure recognising the success of pupils who gain good GCSE passes in a range of core academic subjects.
Edexcel One of the UK's examination boards.
EFA Education Funding Agency. Government agency responsible for distributing funding for state schools.
EPQ Extended Project Qualification. A qualification taken alongside A-levels allowing credit for a largely self-directed and self-motivated research project. Available in Year 13 at STRS.
Exclusion Being suspended or expelled for poor behaviour. Exclusions can be temporary or permanent.
EYFS Early Years Foundation Stage - curriculum framework for children aged 0-5.
FE Further Education - education taken after GCSEs (post 16).
FFT The Fischer Family Trust is an educational charity best known for providing analyses and data which help schools use pupil performance data more effectively.
FSM Free School Meals.
FTE Full Time Equivalent. Used to indicate the proportion of time a member of staff (or pupil in some cases) is in school.
G&T Gifted and Talented. Pupils who demonstrate a comparitively high ability in one or more academic subjects (gifted) or high ability in sport, music or arts (talented).
GCSE General Certificate of Secondary Education - national examinations usually taken at the end of Year 11 (age 16).
GTP/School Direct Graduate Teacher Programme. An employment based training scheme for prospective teachers. Now known as School Direct.
HE Higher Education - education taken at university-level.
HMI Her Majesty's Inspector. Permanent inspection staff at Ofsted.
HoD Head of Department - a subject leader in school.
HoY Head of Year.
IB International Baccalaureate. An alternative qualification to A-levels studied at some schools (not currently studies at STRS).
ICT Information and Communication Technology.
IEP Individual Education Plan. Written document identifying the special educational needs of pupils along with planned strategies to support them.
INSET In-service education and training. Training for teachers which takes place during the school year.
ITT Initial Teacher Training. The training of prospective teachers which usually combines college work and school placements.
Key Stage 1 Infants - 5-7 years old. Reception to Year 2.
Key Stage 2 Juniors - 7-11 years old. Year 3 to Year 6.
Key Stage 3 Lower secondary - 11-14 years old. Year 7 to Year 9.
Key Stage 4 GCSE - 14-16 years old. Year 10 to Year 11.
Key Stage 5 Sixth Form - 16-18 years old. Year 12 to Year 13.
KS Key Stage - The education curriculum is divided into blocks of years called key stages. e.g. KS3.
LA (LEA) Local Authority (formerly Local Education Authority).
LAC Looked After Children - children who are in care or looked after by foster parents.
Literacy Another term for English.
LRC Learning Resource Centre - another term for a library.
LSA Learning Support Assistant. Job title for an assistant providing in-school support for pupils with special educational needs and/or disabilities.
MFL Modern Foreign Languages.
NASUWT A teaching union.
NCT National Curriculum Tests. Official name for SATS = tests taken at the end of Key Stages 1 and 2.
NOR Number on Roll. The number of pupils registered at a school.
NQT Newly Qualified Teacher. A teacher in their first year of qualified teaching.
Numeracy Another term for mathematics.
NUT A teaching union.
NVQ National Vocational Qualification. A vocational qualification offered at some schools and colleges (not offered at STRS).
OCR An examination board.
Ofqual Body which regulates examinations in England.
Ofsted Office for Standards in Education. Body responsible for inspecting and regulating schools and other institutions providing education or care for children.
PAN Planned Admission Number. The number of children a school is allowed to admit each year.
Parent Gateway A website which allows parents access to pupil information such as reports and attendance.
PARS The software used at STRS for recording pupil attendance.
Pedagogy The art of teaching.
Performance Tables Performance Tables are published annually and list the results of a school’s performance based on national tests.
PGCE Post Graduate Certificate in Education. Qualification taken by graduates to enable them to become a qualified teacher.
Plenary A part of a lesson where the teacher reviews what's been learnt, usually through questioning the pupils.
PPA Planning, Preparation and Assessment time.
PSHE (PSHCE) Personal, Social and Health (Citizenship) and Economic Education.
Pupil Premium Additional funding allocated to schools per free school meals pupil. Schools are able to decide how the Pupil Premium is spent.
QTS Qualified Teacher Status. This is the accreditation that allows you to teach in state-maintained and special schools in England and Wales.
Rainbow The software used at STRS for booking resources such as computer rooms.
RAISE Reporting and Analysis for Improvement through School self-Evaluation. Provides interactive analysis of school and pupil performance data. It replaces the Ofsted Performance and Assessment (PANDA) and DCSF’s Pupil Achievement Tracker (PAT).
S6F Panda Sixth Form Performance and Assessment Report. Similar to the RAISE report but for Sixth Form qualifications.
Safeguarding Protecting individuals from a range of risks, including drug and alcohol misuse, the inappropriate behaviour of others, health and safety, bullying/cyber-bullying etc.
SDP School Development Plan. A projection of what a school hopes to achieve within a prescribed time limit.
SEAL (SEEL) Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning. Whole-school approach to promoting and monitoring social and emotional skills.
SEF Self-Evaluation Form. This helps schools (or departments within a school) to evaluate their own performance. The School SEF is used by inspectors before an Ofsted inspection to help identify where they might need to focus their efforts.
SEN/SEND Special Educational Needs (and Disabilities) - a category of pupil.
Senco Special Educational Needs Coordinator.
SharePoint The VLE used by STRS.
SIMS Schools Information Management System - the software used at STRS for managing school data such as timetables and pupil addresses.
SMSC Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural development in schools.
SMT Senior Management Team. The Headteacher, Deputy and Assistant Headteachers and other senior staff who lead the school.
Statement Pupils who are issued with a statement, have a serious SEN requirement and will receive extra assistance with their learning.
STEM Science, technology, engineering and maths.
Sunlight The software used at STRS for managing merits.
Target Individual goals set for a pupil.
Thunder The software used at STRS for managing detentions and other sanctions.
TLR Teaching and Learning Responsibilities - payments teachers earn for taking on extra responsibilities.
TPS Teachers' Pension Scheme.
UCAS The organisation which handles university applications.
Unit/module A subdivision of a course.
VA Value Added. A measure of how much a pupils performance exceeds (or falls short of) expected performance based on prior attainment at earlier key stages.
VLE Virtual Learning Environment - software which allows pupils to access resources on a school network.