Jargon Buster

Here are some terms you might come across on our website and their definitions:

Item Description
AimHighThe software used at STRS for writing reports and entering grades.
A-LevelsNational examinations usually sat at the end of Year 13 (age 18).
APPAssessing Pupils Progress - a structured technique for assessing the progress of pupils, particularly in the core subjects of English, Mathematics and Science. It is now a voluntary approach.
ASCLA union for senior teachers.
AS-LevelsNational examinations usually sat at the end of Year 12 (age 17). Between 2000 and 2015 these were also half of an A-Level but planned reforms will remove this link.
ATLA teaching union.
ClearSkyThe software used at STRS for reporting ICT and site problems.
Controlled assessmentA type of coursework done under controlled conditions.
CPDContinuing professional development. Ongoing training for all teachers, at any stage of their career.
CRBCriminal Records Bureau. Set up in 2002 under the Police Act 1997 to check teachers and others working with children. Now called DBS checks.
CVAContextual Value Added. A value added measure that also takes into account social factors such as free school meals, gender, special educational needs etc.
DBSDisclosure and Barring Service. Replaced CRB in 2012 for administering safer recruitment of staff.
DfEDepartment for Education - Government department responsible for schools.
DifferentiationAdaptation of teaching methods and curriculum to individual needs of learners.
EALEnglish as an Additional Language. Refers to learners whose first language is not English.
EbaccEnglish Baccalaureate. A performance measure recognising the success of pupils who gain good GCSE passes in a range of core academic subjects.
EdexcelOne of the UK's examination boards.
EFAEducation Funding Agency. Government agency responsible for distributing funding for state schools.
EPQExtended Project Qualification. A qualification taken alongside A-levels allowing credit for a largely self-directed and self-motivated research project. Available in Year 13 at STRS.
ExclusionBeing suspended or expelled for poor behaviour. Exclusions can be temporary or permanent.
EYFSEarly Years Foundation Stage - curriculum framework for children aged 0-5.
FEFurther Education - education taken after GCSEs (post 16).
FFTThe Fischer Family Trust is an educational charity best known for providing analyses and data which help schools use pupil performance data more effectively.
FSMFree School Meals.
FTEFull Time Equivalent. Used to indicate the proportion of time a member of staff (or pupil in some cases) is in school.
G&TGifted and Talented. Pupils who demonstrate a comparitively high ability in one or more academic subjects (gifted) or high ability in sport, music or arts (talented).
GCSEGeneral Certificate of Secondary Education - national examinations usually taken at the end of Year 11 (age 16).
GTP/School DirectGraduate Teacher Programme. An employment based training scheme for prospective teachers. Now known as School Direct.
HEHigher Education - education taken at university-level.
HMIHer Majesty's Inspector. Permanent inspection staff at Ofsted.
HoDHead of Department - a subject leader in school.
HoYHead of Year.
IBInternational Baccalaureate. An alternative qualification to A-levels studied at some schools (not currently studies at STRS).
ICTInformation and Communication Technology.
IEPIndividual Education Plan. Written document identifying the special educational needs of pupils along with planned strategies to support them.
INSETIn-service education and training. Training for teachers which takes place during the school year.
ITTInitial Teacher Training. The training of prospective teachers which usually combines college work and school placements.
Key Stage 1Infants - 5-7 years old. Reception to Year 2.
Key Stage 2Juniors - 7-11 years old. Year 3 to Year 6.
Key Stage 3Lower secondary - 11-14 years old. Year 7 to Year 9.
Key Stage 4GCSE - 14-16 years old. Year 10 to Year 11.
Key Stage 5Sixth Form - 16-18 years old. Year 12 to Year 13.
KSKey Stage - The education curriculum is divided into blocks of years called key stages. e.g. KS3.
LA (LEA)Local Authority (formerly Local Education Authority).
LACLooked After Children - children who are in care or looked after by foster parents.
LiteracyAnother term for English.
LRCLearning Resource Centre - another term for a library.
LSALearning Support Assistant. Job title for an assistant providing in-school support for pupils with special educational needs and/or disabilities.
MFLModern Foreign Languages.
NASUWTA teaching union.
NCTNational Curriculum Tests. Official name for SATS = tests taken at the end of Key Stages 1 and 2.
NORNumber on Roll. The number of pupils registered at a school.
NQTNewly Qualified Teacher. A teacher in their first year of qualified teaching.
NumeracyAnother term for mathematics.
NUTA teaching union.
NVQNational Vocational Qualification. A vocational qualification offered at some schools and colleges (not offered at STRS).
OCRAn examination board.
OfqualBody which regulates examinations in England.
OfstedOffice for Standards in Education. Body responsible for inspecting and regulating schools and other institutions providing education or care for children.
PANPlanned Admission Number. The number of children a school is allowed to admit each year.
Parent GatewayA website which allows parents access to pupil information such as reports and attendance.
PARSThe software used at STRS for recording pupil attendance.
PedagogyThe art of teaching.
Performance TablesPerformance Tables are published annually and list the results of a school’s performance based on national tests.
PGCEPost Graduate Certificate in Education. Qualification taken by graduates to enable them to become a qualified teacher.
PlenaryA part of a lesson where the teacher reviews what's been learnt, usually through questioning the pupils.
PPAPlanning, Preparation and Assessment time.
PSHE (PSHCE)Personal, Social and Health (Citizenship) and Economic Education.
Pupil PremiumAdditional funding allocated to schools per free school meals pupil. Schools are able to decide how the Pupil Premium is spent.
QTSQualified Teacher Status. This is the accreditation that allows you to teach in state-maintained and special schools in England and Wales.
RainbowThe software used at STRS for booking resources such as computer rooms.
RAISEReporting and Analysis for Improvement through School self-Evaluation. Provides interactive analysis of school and pupil performance data. It replaces the Ofsted Performance and Assessment (PANDA) and DCSF’s Pupil Achievement Tracker (PAT).
S6F PandaSixth Form Performance and Assessment Report. Similar to the RAISE report but for Sixth Form qualifications.
SafeguardingProtecting individuals from a range of risks, including drug and alcohol misuse, the inappropriate behaviour of others, health and safety, bullying/cyber-bullying etc.
SDPSchool Development Plan. A projection of what a school hopes to achieve within a prescribed time limit.
SEAL (SEEL)Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning. Whole-school approach to promoting and monitoring social and emotional skills.
SEFSelf-Evaluation Form. This helps schools (or departments within a school) to evaluate their own performance. The School SEF is used by inspectors before an Ofsted inspection to help identify where they might need to focus their efforts.
SEN/SENDSpecial Educational Needs (and Disabilities) - a category of pupil.
SencoSpecial Educational Needs Coordinator.
SharePointThe VLE used by STRS.
SIMSSchools Information Management System - the software used at STRS for managing school data such as timetables and pupil addresses.
SMSCSpiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural development in schools.
SMTSenior Management Team. The Headteacher, Deputy and Assistant Headteachers and other senior staff who lead the school.
StatementPupils who are issued with a statement, have a serious SEN requirement and will receive extra assistance with their learning.
STEMScience, technology, engineering and maths.
SunlightThe software used at STRS for managing merits.
TargetIndividual goals set for a pupil.
ThunderThe software used at STRS for managing detentions and other sanctions.
TLRTeaching and Learning Responsibilities - payments teachers earn for taking on extra responsibilities.
TPSTeachers' Pension Scheme.
UCASThe organisation which handles university applications.
Unit/moduleA subdivision of a course.
VAValue Added. A measure of how much a pupils performance exceeds (or falls short of) expected performance based on prior attainment at earlier key stages.
VLEVirtual Learning Environment - software which allows pupils to access resources on a school network.